• Miranda Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Desyandri Pendidikan Dasar Universitas Negeri Padang



educational philosophy, idealism, independent curriculum


Philosophical education is a combination of opinions originating from philosophy which is the core of the field of education. The philosophical foundation of education is a form of arrangement composed in an idea or thought about the world of education explained from a general philosophical idea or thought (Metaphysics, Epistemology, Axiology) suggested by a particular philosophical school. the essence of man is not his body, but his soul/spirit, man is a thinking being, capable of choosing or being free, living by a clear and purposeful moral code. The task and purpose of human life is to live according to their talents and moral values ​​and norms handed down by the Absolute. The Relationship between Philosophy of Idealism and the Independent Curriculum. The relationship between philosophical idealism and independent learning is a unity that cannot be separated. The concept of independent learning is part of the efforts that fulfill the primary and secondary education system. With this concept, a special strategy was chosen to liberate various things in the implementation of education. Educators' understanding of philosophy of idealism as a knowledge base which is very important to understand, as a basis for thinking and as a basis for implementing the concept of independent learning which is neatly arranged with the aim of reforming the education system in Indonesia. Education according to the philosophy of idealism emphasizes the formation of students to be able to carry out social responsibility and human beings are thinking beings, able to choose or be free, living by a clear and purposeful moral code.


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