• Rahmadian Paramita Universitas Indonesia




Foreign Policy, Joko Widodo, South-South Cooperation, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono


Indonesia is a middle-income country that is no longer only a foreign aid recipient but also a provider in South-South Cooperation (SSC). The shift in global economic power encourage Indonesia to continue enhancing relations with developing countries in SSC, but this cannot necessarily be done because of the factors that affect Indonesia's foreign policy, both from external and internal Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to describe the dynamics of Indonesian policy involving in the SSC in the period of 2004-2018. This study uses qualitative approach with data collection techniques through official government sites and literature studies from other sources. The results indicate that there are factors affecting the differences of foreign policy of each leader. External factors make the policy of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) emphasizes more on good relations with anyone, especially developed countries because SSC is not a top priority. Internal factors influencing President SBY's policy emphasize on increasing Indonesia's status in every field. While President Joko Widodo's (Jokowi's) policy regarding external factors emphasizes more on relations with developing countries because it’s one of the main priorities of his government. Internal factors make President Jokowi's policies focus more on resources utilization possessed by Indonesia.


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