TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal <p align="justify">TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal adalah Jurnal berkala ilmiah yang terbit secara berkala dua kali dalam setahun (Desember dan Juni). Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Laboratorium Jurusan Hubungan Internasional Universitas Pasundan. TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal dapat menjadi sumber referensi dan sumber literatur bagi akademisi di bidang Ilmu Hubungan Internasional.&nbsp;TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal terdiri atas artikel-artikel dan hasil penelitian yang berkaitan dengan isu-isu Ilmu Hubungan Internasional . Artikel dan hasil penelitian ditulis oleh para ahli di tiap isu-isu Ilmu Hubungan Internasional seperti Kajian Keamanan, Ekonomi Politik Internasional, Rezim, Organisasi Internasional, Gender dan Hubungan Internasional, Diplomasi, Media dan Hubungan Internasional, dst. Artikel yang diterima oleh redaksi akan melalu proses blind reviu oleh Mitra Bebestari. Bila artikel layak terbit maka akan diproses lebih lanjut hingga artikel tersebut dipublikasikan. Artikel yang diproses oleh&nbsp;TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal diterbitkan secara online melalui sistem Open Journal System (OJS) yang dapat diakses di halaman jurnal kami. TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal &nbsp; juga diterbitkan dalam versi cetak.</p> <p align="justify">TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal &nbsp;is a periodical international relations journal that is published twice a year (December and June).&nbsp;TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal is managed and published by Laboratory of International Relations,Department, of International Relations Univesrsitas Pasundan Bandung. TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal &nbsp;can be a reference and literature source for academician in International Relations area as it consists of articles and research reports on International Relations Issues. Articles and research reports are written by academicians, reserarchers, or students who are expert on its field like Security Studies, International Political Economy, International Regime, International Organization, Gender and International Relations, Diplomacy, Media and International Relations, etc. Articles that are received by editorial board will pass through blind review process by External Reviewer. The articles that are considered appropriate to be published will be proceeding to the reviewing process. Articles that passed reviewing process will be published online with OJS system that can be accessed in our website and will be published in hardcopy too.</p> en-US (Rekha Kersana) (Imam Budiman) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 60 Strategic Engagement Amerika Serikat terhadap India 1984-2000 <p><em>India's relationship with the United States can be said to be volatile from time to time. This is inseparable from the South Asian region which has a high level of conflict vulnerability such as war, nuclear tests, and so on. During the cold war, this area was also a contested area between the Soviet Union and the United States. Towards the end of the Cold War, the United States approached India amid the intimate relations between India and Russia. When the Soviet Union collapsed, India also seemed to accept the United States' approach, one of which was through defense diplomacy. This paper intends to analyze the defense diplomacy process carried out by the United States to India in the period 1984-2000. This research is qualitative research with data collection techniques of documentation studies, as well as the conceptual framework of strategic engagement from Cottey and Forster. The results of the study found that the United States' defense diplomacy process to India could bring the relations between the two countries closer and expand cooperation which is not limited to defense, but also cooperation in other fields.</em></p> Rahmadanu Pradityo, M. Khusna Bayu Hardianto Copyright (c) 2022 TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Exploitation of Indonesian Migrant Workers on Foreign Ship <p><em>This paper will explain the strategies that must be carried out by the Indonesian government to minimize transnational crime. Transnational crimes against Indonesian migrant workers working on foreign ships have so far not received special attention. The increase in cases every year, especially 2019-2020 shows that this transnational crime must be a priority for the Indonesian government. Why is this important, it is part of Indonesia's foreign policy and diplomacy to protect the human rights of its citizens. This protection is a form of state commitment to provide a sense of security to humans, especially Indonesian citizens. This paper uses a qualitative method in the form of a case study with secondary data analysis techniques and a thorough literature review. The results obtained are that the strategies that must be carried out by the government are 1) tightening the recruitment channels for migrant workers 2) national and international law enforcement, 3) bilateral and multilateral diplomacy 4) the use of digital applications, and 5) collaboration with NGOs such as the ILO. This paper can become a reference for the government's strategy to formulate a pentahelic policy in solving crimes against Indonesian migrant workers abroad.</em></p> Laode Muhammad Fathun, Briando Tanri Copyright (c) 2022 TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Alasan Jepang Bekerjasama dengan Indonesia dalam Proyek Kereta Semi Cepat Jakarta-Surabaya <p><em>Using a foreign policy analysis (FPA) approach, this paper describes the two main factors behind Japan's cooperation in the Jakarta-Surabaya higher-speed rail project through the Summary Record On The Java North Line Upgrading Project with Indonesia. First, the domestic factor, where Japan experienced stagnation in economic growth. Second, external factors related to the international system. Namely, Indonesia's economic and political potential in the Southeast Asian region as well as China's influence in Indonesia. As a result of this paper, Japan's high-speed rail technology exports to Indonesia are part of Japan's economic growth strategy. The Jakarta-Surabaya higher-speed rail project is an important part for Japan to affirm its commitment to Indonesia and balance China's influence in Indonesia and Southeast Asia.</em></p> Haryo Prasodjo, Najamuddin Khairur Rijal, Viony Ramadhani Efendi, Havidz Ageng Prakoso Copyright (c) 2022 TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Upaya United Nations Women (UN Women) dalam Menangani Diskriminasi terhadap Perempuan di Afghanistan <p><em>United Nations Women (UN Women) struggles to restore the rights of women in Afghanistan who have been discriminated against in all fields, particularly on health, social, education, politics, and even the economy. The basic causes of this discrimination are the long causal history of the Afghanistan regimes that went south, the lack of knowledge of applicable laws, the existence of cultural traditions that are still inherent among the Afghanistan people, lack of education, extreme ideology and its law which tends to not defend women. Therefore, UN Women strives so that Afghanistan women can be seen and treated the same as men. This change is expected to be applied in every field, where women can participate in politics, can get education by studying at school, can receive good health insurance, and so on. UN Women's efforts are absolutely necessary to support women in Afghanistan to regain their rights and advance the status of women in Afghanistan, and able to make positive changes for all women in Afghanistan.</em></p> Amara Nurfahirah, Yulinda Try Dewi, Dini Dwi Gustiana Copyright (c) 2022 TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Kontribusi Non-Government Organization (NGO) dalam Pendidikan Anak Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) di Sabah <p><em>This study analyzes the contribution of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) in the education of Indonesian migrant workers in Sabah, regarding the ease of educational services for Indonesian children in Sabah, where they are very difficult to access education and various supporting facilities, both physically and mentally. formal or informal. In writing this thesis, the author uses the interview method and literature study. The limited education of the children of Indonesian Migrant Workers in Sabah has become an opportunity to achieve an interest for certain organizations, both national and international. There are several private educational institutions that provide educational services for the children of Indonesian migrant workers in Sabah, including the Borneo Child Aid Society, the Indonesian Children's Education Care Foundation (YPPAI) and the Mutiara Serat Bangsa Empowerment Foundation (YPMSB).</em></p> Shylvia Windary Copyright (c) 2022 TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0700