Effect of Organic Waste Pretreatment on Capability And Protein Content of Black Soldier Fly (BSF) Larval


  • Lili Mulyatna Universitas Pasundan
  • Anni Rochaeni Universitas Pasundan
  • Riana Saputra Universitas Pasundan
  • Bryan Yogi Universitas Pasundan
  • Ihsanul Fiqri Universitas Pasundan




BSF larval, maggot, solid waste management, variations of the treatment


This study was conducted to see the effect of size and freshness variations of organic waste on BSF growth. The research was conducted on laboratory-scale research at campus of Pasundan University and field-scale research on Pojok Kang Pisman at Bandung City-hall. In laboratory-scale research, the organic waste used is artificial organic waste whose composition is close to organic waste from market. Meanwhile in field-scale research, the organic waste used is from market organic waste. Variations in pretreatment were carried out by varying the organic waste size and freshness in laboratory-scale research and comparison in order of chopping and fermentation of organic waste in various cocopeat thickness in field-scale research. Maggot/BSF growth analysis was carried out by calculating the waste reduction index, Efficiency of Conversion Digested Feed, survival rate, and maggot protein tests. The results of the laboratory study showed that the smaller the size of the waste influenced increasing the WRI, SR and ECD values but had little effect on the protein content of the larvae. The protein content of larvae is suitable for chicken feed (19-21%). However, when the waste was fermented, there was a significant increase in WRI and SR, and the protein content of the larvae increased (32-34%), suitable for tilapia and catfish feed. Field research results with higher larval density in fermented waste resulted in higher WRI and ECD values compared to laboratory results with lower larval density. In addition, the treatment of chop-fermentation and fermentation-chopped sequences gave different water content values ​​which affected the WRI and ECD values. The higher the water content, the lower the WRI and ECD values. The protein content of larvae in the field study was almost the same as in the laboratory study, ranging from (31-34%).


Download data is not yet available.


Alvarez, L. (2012). The Role of Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in Sustainable Management in Northern Climates. Dissertation University of Windsor. Ontario.

Barragan-Fonseca, K. B., Dicke, M. and Van Loon J. J. A. (2017). Nutritional value of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens L.) and its suitability as animal feed - a review. Journal of Insects as Food and Feed. 2. Doi: 10.3920/JIFF2016.0055.

Cheng, J. Y. K., Chiu, S. L. H. and Lo, I. M. C. (2017). Effects of moisture content of food waste on residue separation, larval growth and larval survival in black soldier fly bioconversion. Waste Management. Doi: 10.1016/j.wasman. 2017.05.046.

Devic, E. and Fahmi, M. R. (2013). Biology of Hermetia illucens. in Technical handbook of domestication and production of diptera Black Soldier Fly (BSF) Technical handbook of domestication and production of diptera Black Soldier Fly (BSF) Hermetia illucens Stratiomyidae.

Diener, S. (2010). Valorisation of Organic Solid Waste using the Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens, in Low and Middle Income Countries. Dissertation no. 19330, p. 80.

Diener, S., Lalander, C.H., Zurbrugg, C., Vinneras, B. (2015). Opportunities and constraints for medium-scale organic waste treatment with fly larvae composting. International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium.

Diener, S., Zurbrügg, C. and Tockner, K. (2015). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens and effects on its life cycle. Journal of Insects as Food and Feed, 1(4), 1-10.

Eawag. (2017). Proses Pengolahan Sampah Organik dengan Black Soldier Fly (BSF) : Panduan langkah-langkah lengkap. Swiss: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology Department of Sanitation, Water and Solid Waste for Development (Sandec).

Liu, Z., Minor, M., Morel, P. C. H. and Najar-Rodriguez, A. J. (2018). Bioconversion of Three Organic Wastes by Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Larvae. Environ Entomol, 47(6), 1609-1617. Doi: 10.1093/ee/nvy141.

Medion Ardhika Bhakti, http://info.medion.co.id, Bandung, Feb. 02, 2016, accessed Aug 2022.

Mutafela, R. N. (2015). High Value Organic Waste Treatment via Black Soldier Fly Bioconversion : Onsite Pilot Study**,” Trita-Im-Ex:16.

Nguyen, T. T. X., Tomberlin, J. K. and Vanlaerhoven, S. (2015). Ability of Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Larvae to Recycle Food Waste. Environ Entomol, 44(2), 406-410, Doi: 10.1093/ee/nvv002.

Rachmawati, R., Buchori, D., Hidayat, P., Hem, S. and Fahmi, M.R. (2015). Perkembangan dan Kandungan Nutrisi Larva Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus) (Diptera Stratiomyidae) pada Bungkil Kelapa Sawit. J Entomol Indones, 7(1), 28–41.

Rochaeni, A., Ismaria, R. and Fanira, S. (2021) Analysis of kitchen organic waste for processing using Black Soldier Flies in Kecamatan Cibiru, Bandung, West Java. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/737/1/012073.

Rofi, D. Y., Auvaria, S. W., Nengse, S., Oktorina, S. and Yusrianti, Y. (2021 ). Modifikasi Pakan Larva Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) sebagai Upaya Percepatan Reduksi Sampah Buah dan Sayuran. Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, 2(1), 130-137. Doi: 10.29122/jtl.v22i1.4297.

Rui, M., Sánchez-López, A., Leal, R.S., Martínez-Llorens, S., Oliva-Teles, A., Peres, H. (2017). Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) Pre-Pupae Meal As A Fish Meal Replacement In Diets For European Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Aquaculture, 476, 79–85. Doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.04.021

Satori, M., Chofyan, I., Yuliadi, Y., Rukmana, O., Wulandari, I.A., Izzatunnisaa, F., Kemaludin, R.P., Rohman, A.S. (2021). Community-Based Organic Waste Processing using BSF Maggot Bioconversion. Journal of Community-Based Environmental Engineering and Management, 5(2), 83-90. Doi: 10.23969/jcbeem.v5i2.4445

Spranghers, T. (2016). Black soldier fly ( Hermetia illucens ) prepupae as a potential feedstuff for piglets. Conference: 2016 International Congress of Entomology. Doi: 10.1603/ice.2016.113281.

Tomberlin, J. K., Adler, P. H. and Myers, H. M. (2009). Development of the black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in relation to temperature. Environ Entomol, 38(3), 930–934. Doi: 10.1603/022.038.0347.

Tomberlin J. K. and Sheppard, D. C. (2001). Lekking behavior of the black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Florida Entomologist. Doi: 10.2307/3496413.

Yustiani, Y.M., Rochaeni, A. and Aulia, E. (2019). Konsep Pengelolaan Sampah di Desa Babakan Kabupaten Bandung. EnviroScientae, 15(1), 121-126. Doi: 10.20527/es.v15i1.6332.